Acacia falciformis

Road-leaved Hickory, Hickory Wattle, Mountain Hickory, Large-leaf Wattle, Tanning Wattle, Black Wattle

Family: Fabaceae subfamily Mimosoideae

Acacia falciformis grows to 10 m high and has an erect or spreading habit. It grows down the east coast of Australia in coastal areas and extending over the Great Dividing Range to the western slopes in a variety of habitats including moist rocky slopes, gullies and along watercourses. It also grows in Victoria and Qld.

The phyllodes are usually oblanceolate or oblong-oblanceolate or narrowly elliptic, straight to falcate, to 22 cm long, and 4 cm wide, glabrous and mostly green to blue-green.

Flowers are arranged in globular heads, with diameter to 6 mm, containing up to 25 pale yellow/bright yellow to cream-coloured, very small staminate flowers, occurring in July to October. The globular heads are arranged into racemes in leaf axils with up to about 20 heads per raceme.

The flat, leathery, brown seed pods are more or less straight but can be slightly curved, to 13 cm in length and to 2.5 cm wide and contain shiny, black seeds.

In the garden

A hardy plant in a well-drained situation.

Frost hardy to -7°C. 

Acacias can suffer from a number of pests, including borers, scale, galls and leaf miners. Growing plants suitable to your local environment minimises these occurring.

Propagation

Propagation is easy from scarified seed by covering with boiling water for 24 hours and discarding any seeds still floating on the surface.

Other information

First nation peoples used the leaves as a fish poison. Bark was used medicinally to treat skin diseases. Timber was used for woomeras.

Most wattles will regenerate from seed after fire.

Acacia – from Greek akis, meaning a thorn or “thorny”.
falciformis – refers to the falcate shape of the phyllodes (from the Latin “falz” meaning “sickle”.

Not considered at risk in the wild.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acacia_falciformis

http://plantnet.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au/cgi-bin/NSWfl.pl?page=nswfl&lvl=sp&name=Acacia~falciformis

By Jeff Howes