Acacia doratoxylon


Family: Fabaceae subfamily Mimosoideae

Acacia doratoxylon, Currawong or Spearwood, is an upright small tree that may reach a height of eight metres.

The bark is hard and fissured. Phyllodes are more or less linear, up to 20 centimetres long and 7 millimetres wide and grey-green. Usually glands are absent but occasionally a small gland is present at the base of the phyllodes. The foliage has been used as stock fodder during drought.

Golden flowers are held in rod-shaped clusters with from two to five at the base of each phyllode. Blooms are profuse and conspicious and appear in spring.

A. doratoxylon occurs in central NSW and extends into Victoria.


In the garden

A. doratoxylon is an ornamental species and three planted close would make an interesting specimen group in a lawn. Shelterbelts and windbreaks would also benefit from the inclusion of the Spearwood.


Propagate from seed and possibly cuttings. Seed should be treated with boiling water before sowing.

Other information

Spears were reputedly made from the wood by Aboriginal people. The species name means spearwood.

By Warren and Gloria Sheather