Acacia buxifolia

Box-leaf Wattle

Family: Fabaceae subfamily Mimosoideae

Acacia buxifolia, the Box-leaf Wattle, is a native of Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria.

The Box-leaf Wattle is usually a medium shrub reaching a height of two to four metres. There is a form growing on the Northern Tablelands of NSW that develops into a dwarf shrub reaching a height of one metre.

The species grows to 4 m tall, occurring in dry sclerophyll forest, woodland or heath in Victoria, New South Wales and Queensland. Most of its distribution is through NSW on the tablelands and western slopes.

It is typically found on hills, slopes and plains and grows in sandy, clay or loam soils.

Phyllodes are from two to three centimetres long by one centimetre wide with a soft point. Sometimes there is a small gland about one third along the phyllode.

Globular flower heads are golden yellow and are carried during spring and early summer. As the flowers fade cut off each branch behind the spent blooms. This promotes fresh growth, more flowers and extends the life of the plants.

The flowers are followed by pods that are 7 centimetres long with a bluish colour (see photo).

Frost hardy to -7 degrees C.

In the garden

An attractive and hardy shrub with masses of golden globular flower heads. Best in a sunny, reasonably well drained position, in most soils.

Acacias can suffer from a number of pests, including borers, scale, galls and leaf miners. Growing plants suitable to your local environment minimises these occurring.

As the flowers fade, cut off each flowering branch behind the spent blooms. This promotes fresh growth, more flowers and extends the life of the plants.


Propagation is easy from scarified seed by covering with boiling water for 24 hours and discarding any seeds still floating on the surface.

Cutting propagation may be possible.

Other information

The species name refers to the likeness of the phyllodes to the European Box (Buxus) foliage.

Most wattles regenerate from seed after fire.

There are two subspecies differing in their flower heads and phyllode characteristics. They are:

Acacia buxifolia subsp. buxifolia

Acacia buxifolia subsp. pubiflora.

This species is very similar to A. lunata and A. leucolobia

Acacia   from Greek acis, meaning a thorn.

buxifolia   buxi – referring to the genus Buxus (English and Japanese Box) and folia meaning leaf, meaning the species has foliage resembling Buxus spp (hence the common name).

Not at known to be at risk in the wild.



By Warren and Gloria Sheather, Jeff Howes