Acacia subtilinervis is a tree or shrub growing to a height 4 metres with grey coloured bark and can have a spreading or erect habit. It is found in New South Wales, south from around the Lithgow area, growing mainly on the tablelands and then found on the coast south from around Nowra. The species also grows in Victoria. It is often found among rocky outcrops as a part of heathland or dry sclerophyll forest communities.
Acacia lunata is a shrub to 3 metres high found only in NSW, from around Cessnock in the north down to around Richmond in the south. It is on slopes and around creeks in sandy / sandstone based soils as a part of open Eucalyptus woodland communities.
Hibbertia salicifolia is a slender subshrub or undershrub growing up to 2 m tall, found naturally from about the Royal National Park in southern Sydney, New South Wales, along the coast to north-east Queensland. It grows in coastal swamps and wet heath in full sun; not all that common.
Acacia undulifolia is a straggly shrub to 3 m high with pendulous branches. It is naturally found in NSW in an a scattered distribution over the upper Blue Mountains: from the north, near Mount Monundilla; to the south around the Megalong Valley; as far west as the Cox River; extending to the east as far as the Watagan Range and Bucketty.
Acacia mariae is an erect or spreading shrub to 2 metres high, with smooth bark. It is naturally found mostly in the central and western parts of New South Wales, being fairly common in the Pilliga Scrub, growing in sand. It tends to be found in Eucalyptus–Callitris dry sclerophyll forest, woodland and mallee communities. There are some North Coast collection records as well.
Acacia trinervata is an erect or spreading shrub growing to 3 m high. The phyllodes (modified leaves) are very narrowly elliptic to linear with a pointed sharp tip, to 5 cm long and to 3 mm wide. Flowers are produced in globular heads with each head having up to 30 flowers. The heads are produced solitarily in the phyllode axils and are up to 8 mm in diameter. Hence, each wattle flower is very small.
Acacia terminalis is a variable plant in habit, ranging from a small shrub about 1 metre in height to a large shrub up to about 5 metres tall. Widespread in open forest and woodland from northern New South Wales to Tasmania, mainly on the coast and tablelands, usually on sandy soils or sandstone.
Acacia suaveolens is a sparse and leggy shrub growing from 0.3 to 2.5 m high, with a narrow spread; occurring from southern Queensland, down the east coast of NSW and Victoria, into Tasmania and South Australia.
Acacia verniciflua is a variable shrub growing to 4 m high; generally erect and sparsely branched. Grows in dry sclerophyll forest in South Australia, Victoria, New South Wales and Queensland. In NSW, it is mainly found on the tablelands and western slopes.
Acacia ulicifolia is a prickly shrub growing to 2 m high in dry sclerophyll forests and woodlands in NSW, Victoria, Queensland and Tasmania, usually in sandy soil. It extends up and down the entire coast of NSW and west to the western slopes.
Acacia paradoxa is a prickly shrub growing to 4 m high by up to 4 m across. It grows in many different communities in various soil types in WA, Qld, NSW, Vic and SA. It has been introduced into Tasmania for cultivation and has naturalized.
Acacia oxycedrus is a prickly but interesting wattle, growing to 3 m high by 2 m wide. It is typically found on sandy soils in dry sclerophyll forest or heath in South Australia, Victoria and New South Wales. In NSW, it is mainly confined to the Greater Sydney Basin but with disjunct populations on the far south coast.
Acacia echinula is an eastern NSW shrub up to 2 m with prickly phyllodes and bright yellow flowers. It is typically found on hills and plains in sandy soils. Its prickly nature offers good protection for small birds in the garden.
Acacia decora is one of the showiest wattles, producing globular flower-heads which can each have about 30 tiny flowers from April to October. It is often under 2 m, but can get to 5 m. It tolerates a wide range of conditions.
Eriostemon australasius grows in heathland and dry eucalyptus woodlands from Lake Conjola on the New South Wales south coast, northwards, mainly along the coast, to Fraser Island in Queensland. It is a very desirable plant for the garden but results in cultivation are mixed.
Pimelea linifolia prefers a well-drained soil and prune after flowering to keep compact and enhance flowering. It tolerates dappled or full sun. It can be grown in a mass display on a raised bed or rockery with other plants to good effect.
Callistemon citrinus syn: Melaleuca citrina produces flowers in late spring, summer and autumn with two flowerings if some moisture is provided. There are many hybrids produced using this plant as a parent. A popular cultivar is Callistemon ‘Endeavour’ which can have bright metallic red/pink inflorescences.
Epacris longiflora is an erect to spreading shrub, to 2 m high; stems with prominent short broad leaf scars; leaves ovate to about 2 cm long, and 7 mm wide, with a sharp narrowing point; mid to dark green in colour. Flowers extending down branches, produced within the leaves.
Prostanthera densa is a small shrub. Its natural distribution is in five known areas in NSW, all very close to the coast – Nelson Bay, South Cronulla, Royal National Park (Marley), Helensburgh and Shoalhaven (northern peninsula of Jervis Bay). It is found growing on a range of soil types.
Boronia mollis It is a small showy shrub to about 2.5 metres with bright pink flowers.
Leionema lamprophyllum syn. Phebalium lamprophyllum is a large shrub that grows on heathland on exposed ridges at higher altitudes in New South Wales, ACT and Victoria. It prefers well drained, slightly acid soils with some protection from full sun, but not heavy shade. Grows without additional watering except in dry conditions.
Pultenaea daphnoides is an upright shrub, growing to about 2 m tall and 1 m wide. Leaves with a distinctive cuneate to obovate shape (widest at apex), to 4 cm long and about 1 cm wide, mid to dark green. The leaves have a small sharp point (mucro).
Flowers are typically pea-shaped (papilionate) and a striking deep yellow with red markings. Flowers produced in terminal umbel-like heads, about 3 x 3 cm.
Westringia fruticosa has neatly whorled leaves to 2 cm long. lt reaches at least 2 m high and can reach 5 m across, often forming a regular dome. The flowers are white, hairy and have the upper petal divided into two lobes (a shape known as labiate) and appear all year.
Melaleuca alternifolia is a tall shrub that reaches a height of seven metres. Bark is papery and peels away in strips. Foliage is light green and aromatic. Valuable Tea Tree oil is extracted from the leaves. White flowers are carried in many flowered spikes and are profuse and conspicuous.
Melaleuca armillaris, Bracelet Honey-myrtle, grows into a tall spreading shrub or small tree. The leaves are light green and narrow. In spring and summer plants become covered with white bottlebrush-like flowers which attract a range of insects.
Melaleuca brevifolia is known as the Mallee Honey-myrtle and is a medium to tall shrub. Leaves are small, narrow, about one centimetres long, tightly clustered and spirally arranged around the stems. It has very showy white or cream flowers.
Melaleuca cardiophylla is known as the Umbrella Bush and is a small to medium shrub with intertwined branches. Tiny stem-clasping leaves are heart shaped (hence the species name). White flowers are carried in small clusters along the branches.
Melaleuca decussata, Cross-leaved Honey-myrtle, is a tall, rounded shrub reaching a height of three metres. Small leaves are arranged in two pairs of opposite rows forming a cross when viewed from above (hence the common name). Mauve flowers are held in small, cylindrical spikes on short lateral branches.
Melaleuca diosmatifolia (previously known as M. erubescens), the Rosy Honey-myrtle, is an erect shrub to at least five metres. The leaves are small, linear, light green and aromatic. In summer plants become covered with mauve, cylindrical flower spikes up to four centimetres long that eventually fade to white. It is hardy, free flowering and attracts a wide range of insects – one of the best of the genus.
Melaleuca diosmifolia is a dense shrub reaching a height of three metres. Leaves are spirally arranged, elliptical and crowded around the stems. Juvenile leaves are light green while adult leaves become darker. Flowers are arranged in cylindrical, bottlebrush-like, lime-green spikes. The spikes are an unusual colour. Flowering occurs in spring and early summer.
Melaleuca elliptica is a native of the southwest of Western Australia and is one of a large number of melaleucas from the west with great horticultural potential. It can reach a height of five metres. The red blooms are profuse, conspicuous and bird-attracting.
Melaleuca ericifolia is a tall shrub or small tree known as the Swamp Paperbark. Bark is papery and grey to brown. Juvenile growth is bright green. Adult leaves are dark green, linear and up to 15 millimetres long. Flower heads are dense, terminal, cylindrical, white to cream and about three centimetres long.
Melaleuca fulgens, known as the Scarlet Honey-myrtle, is an erect shrub reaching a height of three metres. The leaves are narrow, aromatic and up to four centimetres long. Flowers may be scarlet, pinkish-red, apricot or purple.
Melaleuca gibbosa, the Slender Honey-myrtle, is a medium-sized shrub reaching a height of two metres. The small leaves are stalkless, tightly clustered around the stems, obovate to ovate in shape and arranged in two pairs of opposite rows. The tips of the leaves curve inward. The mauve to pink flowers attract birds and insects.
Melaleuca huegelii, known as the Chenille Honey-myrtle, may develop into a tall shrub reaching a height of five metres. Leaves are small, almost triangular in shape and aromatic. The pure white flowers are held in terminal spikes and cover plants in early summer.
Melaleuca incana is a species common in cultivation. Known as the Grey Honey-myrtle, this medium shrub has soft, weeping, grey-green foliage. Small bottlebrush-shaped, yellowish-green flowers appear en masse in spring. This is a triple-headed plant because the growth habit, foliage and flowers are all attractive features.